Energy Division

A Division of the Kansas Corporation Commission, funded through the federal State Energy Program (SEP).

Net Metering in Kansas

The State of Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009 (see K.S.A. 66-1263 through 66-1271). The Act was amended in 2014, establishing net metering for customers of the state's investor-owned utilities (IOUs). Under Kansas' net metering policy, small-scale generators receive full credit—that is, the full retail rate—for the electricity they generate. See map of net-metered wind and solar generation in Kansas.

The policy applies to electricity generated from a broad range of renewable energy resources: solar, wind, methane, biomass, hydro, and fuel cells that use hydrogen produced by one of these resources. Net metering is limited to relatively small generators: for residential customers, the generator must have a rated capacity of 25 kilowatts (kW) or less, and for non-residential customers, the generator's rated capacity must be 200 kW or less. The statute also makes the 1.5-megawatt (MW) systems at Cloud County and Dodge City community colleges eligible for net metering (see K.S.A. 66-1263 through 66-1271).

How it works

Interested customers of the state's three IOUs—Westar Energy, Kansas City Power & Light, and Empire District—receive meters that account for both the electricity they generate and the electricity they use. If they produce more than they use in a given billing period, the net excess generation (NEG) is carried forward to the next month at the full retail rate (and they would not be charged anything for electricity used during that billing period). Any NEG remaining in the customer's account at the end of the calendar year is granted to the utility.

In July 2010, the Kansas Corporation Commission adopted rules (K.A.R. 82-17-1 through 82-17-5) to implement the statute's net-metering standards. These rules include additional protection for the utility in the event of disruptive problems to the utility's system caused by a net-metered facility.

The three investor-owned utilities are required to offer net metering and to provide interested customers with a bi-directional meter (at no cost to the customer). Utilities are required to offer net metering on a first-come, first-served basis until the rated generating capacity of all net-metered systems equals 1% of the utility's peak demand during the previous year. See K.A.R. 82-17-4 for annual reporting requirements.

Utilities are also prohibited from imposing any additional standby, capacity, and interconnection charges or other fees on net-metered customers, if these would not be incurred if the customer were not participating in net metering. The estimated generating capacity of all net-metered systems may count towards the utility's renewable capacity requirement under Kansas's renewable portfolio standard (RPS).

Utility reporting

By March 1 of each year, utilities are required to submit an annual report that includes the following information about the net-metered facilities in their service territories: type of generation resources, zip code, first year of interconnection, any excess kilowatt-hours that expired at the end of the previous year, generator size, and number/type of meters.

More details about utility compliance can be found in these KCC dockets:

See utility websites for additional information about net metering policies and interconnection guidelines:

See Net Metering in Kansas for answers to frequently asked questions.